Each other features very ambivalent ideas in the sex: because they talk otherwise think about sex nearly constantly, as well as brag to anybody else regarding their intimate knowledge and experience, they are both in reality afraid off gender, in reality is actually thinking-admitted virgins
D. Salinger’s New Catcher regarding Rye, since title means, is actually a manuscript built on literary the thing is that and you will allusions; this means that, the hero, Holden Caulfield, has been versus many almost every other characters, out-of both American and you will world books.step 1 The new nearest out-of Holden’s blood brothers, while the actually a basic questionnaire of your own ailment off Salinger’s book will reveal, are recognized as Huckleberry Finn.2 And you can indeed you will find prominent likenesses anywhere between Huck and you will Holden: they are both stressed teens on the move–psychologically, linguistically, and you may geographically–off an adult globe which they select pretentious, hypocritical, superficial, horrible, and risky. 3 Interestingly, even if, such stress and anxiety and you will obsessions try only the of those shown by William Faulkner’s Quentin Compson, among the many protagonists of your Sound in addition to Outrage. The answer to the new neurotic behavior away from each https://besthookupwebsites.org/bristlr-review/ other emails can be based in the Freudian theory off anality, particularly given that you to principle could have been increased and you can reinterpreted by for example afterwards psychologists since the Norman O. Brown and you may Ernest Becker. Both Holden and you may Quentin display personality traits that are regarding the some one whose development might have been detained in the anal phase.
The exterior parallels between them characters are easily mainly based, and striking. Both are smart, sensitive, introspective, well-told men: Holden try an excellent seventeen-year-dated preparing school student whom checks out “a great deal” (18) and whoever better topic is actually English (110); Quentin is an to get-year-dated freshman during the Harvard that knows Latin and you may rates St. Francis. cuatro Furthermore, each other Holden and you can Quentin opportunity the intimate stress onto its sisters, following a protective, “big brother” emotions and looking so you can bar the brand new sisters’ entrance toward carnal studies. Eventually, its perplexed and you may disturbed mental states head one another Holden and you may Quentin to contemplate suicide.5 Quentin, of course, rather than Holden, actually pursue using to the his dying need to, purchasing a couple of flat-irons getting muscles weights after which hurling himself of a link for the Charles Lake.
Although greatest details of Holden Caulfield’s characterization –their paralyzing fear of sexuality, their extremely protective thoughts into the their sister, along with his unhealthy preoccupation with demise–is destroyed in Twain’s portrait from Huck
Since the recommended earlier, brand new unifying emotional foundation underlying each other Holden and you can Quentin’s anxieties out-of sexuality, females, and you can passing is to be based in the Freudian idea off anality. According to Freud, the explanation of all the mature neurosis is usually to be used in the latest suppressed intimate wishes out-of youthfulness. Freud posited about three grade of infantile intimate development: the dental (delivery so you can a year), between your facts of sucking and biting; new rectal (that 3 years), centering on the newest kid’s love for the latest asshole and you may feces; in addition to phallic (two-and-a-half so you can half dozen many years), targeting the latest child’s knowledge of pussy. Should your kid’s passing thanks to each one of these phases isn’t discussed properly and you will gladly, new suppressed pushes usually resurface within the adulthood in the way of individuals neuroses. Based on Freud, the new mature characteristics which might be of the denial and repression in the anal phase is orderliness (together with neatness), obstinacy, and you can parsimony (otherwise possessiveness).6
To own Freud, anal attraction and you can gamble, for instance the kid’s strategies when you look at the other phases regarding infantile advancement, are primarily assertions of your fulfillment concept along the reality and morality values–exactly what do be considered from inside the retrospect given that useless attempts from the kid in order to embrace so you can an Edenic world of simple freedom and you will enjoy in the face of following exile toward adult field of performs and you will duty. However, after psychologists such as Norman O. Brown and you may Ernest Becker enjoys assisted me to remember that the new issue is considerably more difficult than just even Freud got accepted. In his informative and you will important guide, Lifetime Against Passing, Brownish contends you to definitely what is actually very getting stamped to your awareness of each and every people in anal stage is nothing smaller than simply “the latest disagreement ranging from our creature looks, rightly epitomized on the rectal form, and you may our pretentious sublimations, far more particularly the fresh new pretensions off sublimated or intimate-Platonic love” (186). To phrase it differently, the newest anal status is short for the child’s first come upon with death and you may rust. Because Becker notes, echoing Brownish, “That have anal have fun with the guy is become a great philosopher out of the human status. However, like all philosophers they are nevertheless limited by it, with his fundamental activity in life gets new denial from exactly what this new anus is short for: you to in fact, he could be just human body where character is concerned. Nature’s thinking is actually bodily values, human values try intellectual philosophy, and even though it grab the loftiest aircraft he or she is based abreast of excrement, hopeless without it, always cut back to help you it” (31). The brand new dispute experienced of the son at anal stage, for this reason, is that of looks rather than your head or heart, the true rather than an appropriate.
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